I’ve long mistrusted the argumentum ad lexicon. English-language dictionaries are descriptive, not prescriptive, so any argument that relies on a dictionary definition is showing a weak hand to begin with. Then, a good dictionary will show enough different definitions for a word that the arguer can base a sophistical argument on the one that he thinks applies. Like this, from my colleague, Houston DWI attorney Paul B. Kennedy:
According to Merriam-Webster, if something is fair it is “marked by impartiality and honesty…” and it’s free from bias. But fair also refers to an object or idea that is “superficially pleasing.” It is that meaning that I think most of us associate with fair.
This particular discussion started with Paul’s critique of prosecutor Marc Brown’s campaign signs, which bill Marc as “Integrity * Tough * Conservative” (could nobody in that campaign think up, for the sake of grammatical agreement, an adjective conveying “integrity”? Honest—upright—righteous—ethical—principled?). On Facebook Paul commented, “We don’t need a judge who’s ‘tough,’ we need judges who are ‘fair.’” This is reasonable.
At the moment Marc is a politician trying to win an election. He’s not disclaiming fairness—I know Marc, and he might make a very fair judge, but he’s using a Scared White Republican trigger word—”tough.” It’s silly, but I don’t fault Marc for using it. “Tough” and “fair” are not mutually exclusive, but if there is one trait that everyone should agree a judge needs, it would be fairness.
Then the discussion turned just plain silly. One of Paul’s Facebook friends responded:
This is nonsense. (More of the discussion, if you care, here on Facebook. Facebook is gonna kill the blog comment section.)
Somehow Paul’s commenter has got the idea that “just” and “fair” have different meanings. It’s not at all clear how she thinks they differ (“If you want a partial umpire . . .”? Hell, yeah, I want a partial umpire. But then I’m not looking for justice or fairness; I’m looking for a larger edge). It’s a little clearer how Paul thinks they differ:
This is the argumentum ad lexicon: Paul’s dictionary says that “just” means “having a basis in or conforming to fact or reason . . . reasonable” and that “fair” means “superficially pleasing.” So just=steak, fair=sizzle.
My OED can beat up your dictionary: its definitions of just take a full page, and its definitions of fair (adj) take up three pages. But I don’t need to crack it to know that when we say that a decision is just we don’t mean that it’s reasonable, and when we talk about a judge being fair we don’t mean that he’s superficially pleasing.
“Just” and “fair” are wildly subjective terms. There is no consensus on what constitutes justice. But only a SWR would argue with a straight face that, as long as he’s tough, it’s okay if a judge is unfair; and only a lawyer would take eight paragraphs to argue with a straight face that an unfair result might be just or an unjust result might be fair.
Fair is just and just is fair.